Dr. Satyen Baindur

Small & Modular Reactor (SMR) Related Links and Resources

Small and Modular Reactor Projects
Micro Modular Reactors
Gas-Cooled Reactor Links
Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Links
Research Reactor Safety Assessment
Non-Electric Applications of Nuclear Energy

Small and Modular Reactor (SMR) Projects and Links

US NRC Vision and Strategy Document for Non-Light Water Cooled Reactors - January 2017
US NRC Small Modular Reactor (SMR) and Advanced Reactor Technical and Policy Issues
IAEA Advances in Small Modular Reactor Technology Developments October 2018
Canada Small Modular Reactor Roadmap November 2018

IAEA ARIS Database - Advanced Reactor Information System
Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Reactor Technology (ART)
Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN), at INL
UxC's SMR Research Center
IAEA TecDoc 1485: Status of Small Reactor Designs With Conventional Refueling (2005)
IAEA TecDoc 1536: Status of Small Reactor Designs Without Onsite Fueling (2007)
IAEA TecDoc 1451: Innovative Small and Medium Sized Reactors: Design Features, Safety Approaches and R&D Trends

Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (AECL) Nuclear Battery (via nuclearfaq.ca)
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advanced Non-Light Water & SMR Page
US NRC Policy Issues in Licensing Advanced Reactor Designs Page

Light Water-cooled SMRs

International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS)
KAERI System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor (SMART)
The Kerena Boiling Water Reactor (Framatome)
SMR,LLC's SMR-160 Reactor

Non-Light Water Cooled SMRs

Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors

The Galena, Alaska Project
GE-Hitachi Power Reactor Innovative Small Module (PRISM) - liquid-sodium cooled, U-Pu-Zr alloy fueled, fast spectrum Reactor
ARC Nuclear, LLC's ARC-100 concept - liquid sodium cooled, U-metal alloy fueled, fast spectrum reactor

Molten-Salt cooled Reactors

Terrestrial Energy Inc. Molten Salt Reactor
Transatomic Power Inc. Molten Salt Reactor
Moltex Energy: Stable Salt Reactor
Flibe Energy Inc. Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR)
Kairos Power, LLC. Fluoride Salt-cooled High-Temperature Reactor (FHR)

Terra Power Inc. Traveling Wave Reactor (TWR)

Gas-cooled Reactors

Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) Website
Starcore Nuclear (helium-cooled SMR)
General Atomics Helium-Cooled Energy Multiplier Module (EM2)
Areva's New Technology Advanced Reactor System (ANTARES)

Gas-Cooled Reactor Safety Assessment

Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN): Department for the assessment of gas-cooled, fast neutron and experimental reactors (SEGRE)
IAEA Safety Report Series No. 54: Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants with Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors
IAEA TecDoc 1366: Safety Requirements for Innovative Reactors: Application to Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors
IAEA TecDoc 1238Gas Turbine Power Conversion Systems for Modular HTGRs
IAEA TecDoc 1210Safety Related Design and Economic Aspects of HTGRs
IAEA TecDoc 1198Current Status and Future Development of Modular HTGR Technology
IAEA TecDoc 1163Heat Transport and Afterheat Removal for Gas Cooled Reactors Under Accident Conditions
IAEA TecDoc 1674Advances in High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Fuel Technology (May 2012)

US NRC NUREG/CR-6839: Fort St Vrain Operating Experience

Gen IV Description of Candidate Gas Cooled Reactor Systems
Gen4 International Forum - Gas-cooled Fast Reactor Description

Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Safety Assessment

Sodium as a Fast-Reactor Coolant - US DOE/NRC Presentation
IAEA TecDoc 1569: Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactors: Experience in Design and Operation
Joint ICTP-IAEA School on Physics and Technology of Fast Reactor Systems, 9-20 November 2009, Trieste.
Presentation on Safety Issues for Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors, FR'09, Kyoto, Japan, December 2009
2009 International Conference on Fast Reactors, Kyoto Japan (FR09), December 7-11, 2009.
IAEA TecDoc 1766 - Accelerator Driven Systems
IAEA TecDoc 1180: Unusual Occurrences during LMFR Operation.

Research Reactors

IAEA Integrated Safety Assessment for Research Reactors Page
IAEA Safety Reports Series No. 55: Safety Analysis for Research Reactors
IAEA Code of Conduct on the Safety of Research Reactors
IAEA TecDoc 1220 "Safety of Research Reactors" IAEA Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-4
IAEA Published Safety Standards for Research Reactors
IAEA Draft Standard DS396: Safety Assessment for Research Reactors and Preparation of the Safety Analysis Report
IAEA Draft Standard DS412: Ageing Management for Research Reactors
IAEA TecDoc 1625: Research Reactor Modernization and Refurbishment
IAEA TecDoc 1212: Strategic Planning for Research Reactors
IAEA Research Reactor Database

Micro Modular Reactors (MMRs)

A more focused set of resources and links on MMRs is available here.

General Atomics Micro Reactor: load-following, upto 10 MWe, refueling period upto 10 years.

Nuscale is evaluating Micro Reactor concepts in the range 1 to 10 MWe, with natural circulation cooling and a 10 year refueling period

Oklo is developing a 2 MWe fast spectrum Micro Reactor with a refueling period upto 20 years

Westinghouse eVinci Micro Reactor scalable from 200 KWe to 15 MWe with at least 10 year refueling period
Lead Cold Reactors' SEALER Swedish Advanced Lead-cooled (19.99% UOX fueled fast spectrum) reactor
HolosGen Micro Reactor
NuGen Micro Reactor
Ultra Safe Nuclear Micro Reactor
Starcore Nuclear (helium-cooled) Micro Reactor
U-Battery Micro Reactor

Non-Electric Applications of Nuclear Energy

Proceedings IAEA International Conference on Non-Electric Applications of Nuclear Power, 2007, Japan
Canadian Nuclear Society Western Focus Seminar, Calgary, June 2009
Presentation on Applicability of 4S (Super-Safe, Small and Simple) [Sodium-cooled Fast] Reactor to Alberta Tar Sands at CNS Western Focus Seminar, Calgary 2009